Two Finnish jokes

These are the first two jokes I heard about Finland; one from a classmate and another from a professor. Though there can be some deviations in the jokes (I also found some deviations on the internet), the theme is – the Finns are of quite reserved nature and they do not speak much.

Introvert Vs Extrovert Finn –

Two Fins, an extrovert and an introvert were talking, standing face to face. The introvert was looking at the extrovert’s shoes.

Do you know what the extrovert was doing?

He was looking at the introvert’s shoes.

Don’t talk!

You have a very best friend from Finland. You meet him after a long time. Then you two decided to go to a bar and have a drink.

At the bar, you started asking many things (you’ve met after a very long time) to your Finnish friend.

And your Finnish friend will reply – “Are we here to drink or to talk??”

 

You can read more (funny) jokes here.

Advertisements

किन्दा स्याउ खाँदा अारू; फिनल्यान्डका सुरूवाती दिनहरू

दुई चार दिन अगाडि –

सुपरमार्केट गैयो,
“सधैँ खाइरा’को काउली/ बन्दा कति खानु, केही नयाँ तरकारी खाउँ न त आज” भन्ने लागेर नयाँ/नचिनेको तरकारी किनियो,
घर पुगेर ताछ्न खोजियो, कलिलै रै’छ ताछ्न नपर्ने भयो ।
त्यसलाई काटियो। केही चिनेकै जस्तो बास्ना आयो।
एउटा टुक्रो काटेर यसो चपाइहेरेको त “काँक्रो” पो रै’छ !

हिजो –

भोलि दिनभरी जङ्गलको यात्रा (field excursion) छ, खानेकुरा आफैँले बोक्नुपर्ने सूचना दिएको छ क्याम्पसले।
बोक्न पनि सजिलै हुन्छ भन्ने लागेर केही केरा, चकलेट र “स्याउ”हरु किनियो।
केरा पखालिरहन परेन, स्याउलाई चाहिँ पखालेर प्लास्टिकमा हालियो, बिहान हिँड्ने बेलामा।
दिउँसो खाजा खाने बेला भयो, बोकेका प्राय:सबैजसो खानेकुरा खाइयो।
अन्तिममा स्याउ निकालेर टोकियो, अनि बल्ल थाहा भयो – मैले किनेको स्याउ त “आरू” पो रै’छ! 😂

Image may contain: fruit and food

August 17, 2018

प्लास्टिक पुनः प्रयोगका कुरा

भर्खर किनेर ल्याएको एक किलो चिनीलाई आमाले ‘चिनी राख्ने गरेको भाँडो’मा खन्याइन् र प्लास्टिक टक्टक्याइन् । मनमनै सोचिन् – “दाल पोको पारेर राख्न काम लाग्छ ।”
केही दिनपछि, खेततिर जान लागेकी आमाले यसो आकाशतिर हेरिन् – “पानी पो पर्ला जस्तो छ, फोन भिज्ने हो कि?” पोल्टाबाट नोकिया ११०० फोन निकालिन् र त्यहि चिनी किन्दा आएको प्लास्टिकमा पोको पारिन् अनि फेरी पोल्टामा हालिन् ।
अर्को दिन, घाँस काट्न जाने बेलामा अलिकति मकै-भटमास ठीक पारिन्, त्यहि चिनी ल्याएको प्लास्टिकमा पोको पारिन् … ।
“जाँतोमा अलिकति दाल पिंधेर ल्याउँछु ।” अर्को दिन दुई माना जति मास त्यहि प्लास्टिकमा पोको पारिन् र पल्लोघरको जाँतोतिर लागिन् ।
“कान्छा, यो खाजा बालाई पुर्याइदे त” – एक दिन तीन चार ओटा पुरी र एक कचौरा तरकारी त्यहि प्लास्टिकमा हालिन् र बालाई खेतमा खाजा पुर्याउन मलाई अह्राइन् ।
थोत्रो हुँदै गएको प्लास्टिक, अनि मेरो अलि उरन्ठेउलो स्वभाव; खेतबाट फर्कँदा रित्तो कचौरा हालेको प्लास्टिक हल्लाउँदै हिंड्दै थिए, कता बुटोतिर अल्झेर प्लास्टिक च्यातियो ।
“आमा प्लास्टिक नै च्यातियो ।”
“गधा ! आफूलाई यहाँ कत्ति सजिलो भा’थ्यो । जतन भन्ने त कैल्यै जान्या छैन ।” एकपटक आमा मुर्मुरिइन् अनि प्लास्टिक लाई खोपा तिर खाँदिन् ।
एकदिन आमाको चप्पलको लोता चुँडियो । खोपाबाट त्यहि च्यातिएको प्लास्टिक निकालिन्, त्यसलाई बटारेर डोरी जस्तो बनाईन् अनि चुँडिएको लोता गाँसिन् ।
वातावरण दिवस मनाउन भनेर गाउँका थरिथरि अपिसका मान्छेहरु जम्मा भए । वातावरण दिवस मनाउनकै लागि यहि क्षेत्रबाट चुनाव जितेका मन्त्रि पनि आए । प्लास्टिकको जस्तै (ठ्याक्कै के को हो चाहिँ खुट्याउन नसके पनि त्यो कपडाको होइन भन्ने आमालाई पक्का थियो) ठूलो तुल (ब्यानर) बोकेर मूलबाटोमा मन्त्रीसंगै एकहुल मान्छेहरु हिंडिरहेका थिए, जहाँ लेखिएको थियो –
—————————————————————–
‘प्लाष्टिक प्रदुषण निर्मूल पारौँ, पुनःप्रयोग गर्न नसके बहिष्कार गरौँ’
विश्व वातावरण दिवस २०१८ (जुन ५, सन् २०१८)
—————————————————————–
आदि आदि …
“प्लास्टिकलाई सकेसम्म पुनः प्रयोग गर्नुपर्छ है आमा । अझ सके त प्रयोग नगरेकै राम्रो” बाटो छेउमा उभिईरहेकी आमालाई त्यहि ब्यानर देखाउँदै तिनीहरुले भने ।
घर आउँदै गर्दा, आमाले चप्पलको लोता जोडेको डोरी नै चुँडिएछ । चुँडिएको प्लास्टिकको डोरी आमाको हातमै थियो । पर्खालको ढुङ्गामा बसेर आमाले अराइन् – “कान्छा, हँसिया फुक्लेको फुक्लेइ गर्ने भा’छ । यो पलास्टिक बालेर त्यो हँसियाको बिडमा हालेर राम्रो सँग ठोक्देन लु त ।”
मैले हँसियालाई बिंडमा ठोक्दै गर्दा आमा भन्दै थिइन् – “कस्तो मज्जाको, ठूलो तुल बनाका र’छन् । बर्खा आउन लाग्या छ, काम सक्केपछी हाम्लाई दिए नि त भैंसीको माच माथि हाल्न हुन्थ्यो 🙂 …।”
.
“तर के दिन्थे होला र !” आमाले आफैं संशय ब्यक्त गरिन् – “अर्को वर्षलाई पनि चाहिँने होला नि !”
.
आमालाई के हेक्का त्यहाँ लेखिएका तिथीमितीका कुरा !!
.

Adaptation after graduation; are we self-supporting?

It has been forty-seven years since the inception of the categorization of countries as Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and only five countries have graduated so far. Four countries, Bhutan, Sao Tome and Principe, Kiribati and Solomon Islands are recommended for graduation this year while Nepal’s graduation recommendation is terminated upon its request. According to the Committee for Development Policy (CDP), the subsidiary body of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) who recommends a country for graduation, Nepal as well as Timor-Leste was not recommended for graduation this time even if they met the required criteria because of economic and political challenges. These will be reviewed and considered for graduation again in the next triennial review i.e. in 2021 AD if they still meet the criteria. And for Nepal, the criteria are likely to be met again provided the government’s announcements.

Access to climate funds

The LDCs, Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and the African States are the countries that are most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and Nepal is also one of them. That is why these countries are getting special focus on climate change adaptation measures. The Least Developed Countries Fund (LDC Fund) was established in 2001 AD under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and is being managed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) with an aim to help the LDCs to prepare and implement their National Adaptation Program of Actions (NAPA) to climate change. The officials of Nepal working in the area of climate change never forget to mention this LDC fund when talked about the issues regarding climate change. So the graduation proposal should obviously have shocked, at least once, those officials from the then Ministry of Population and Environment (MOPE) and Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation (MOFSC) (now Ministry of Forests and Environment) as these are the concerned ministries mostly dealing with climate change issues in Nepal. So, when Nepal graduates from the category of the LDC in the next review, i.e. in 2021 AD, will it be able to cope with the climatic changes without access to the LDC fund after that?

Will Nepal be able to fulfil its Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Agreement when the financial supports it is getting now are also cut?

Some months ago, after the withdrawal of the USA from the Paris Agreement, chief of the Climate Change Management Division of Nepal and Nepal’s focal person for the UNFCCC (Dr. Ram Prasad Lamsal) was saying that the USA’s withdrawal was not a problem for Nepal. One of his logic behind this was that Nepal would get money from the LDC fund and it was not only the USA that would provide money to this fund. This also shows that government officials were quite relaxed because of the money that Nepal is likely to receive from the LDC fund.

It is not only the LDC fund Nepal will lose access to after the graduation. The Green Climate Fund (GCF), a part of financial mechanism of the UNFCCC, also pays particular attention to the needs of the LDCs, SIDS and the African States. The fifty per cent of the ‘adaptation budget’, which in turn is fifty per cent of the total 100$ billion annual disbursement post 2020 AD, is targeted towards these countries, which Nepal will not receive after graduation from the LDC status.

Are we ready?

Change in climate is an ongoing process and so is adaptation. Only graduating a country from the list of the LDCs does not significantly reduce the vulnerability to climate change unless sufficient mitigation measures are also carried out. The thing now is – will we be able to adapt to the changes in the future climate without access to those funds which are meant for adaptation programs in the LDCs? We should have already been able for that now because Nepal is already liable for graduation but is postponed only upon our special request.

Normally, we will have three years grace period for the LDC graduation to come into effect. So, within coming six to seven years, will we be able to fully adapt to the climatic changes without major help from the adaptation mechanisms that are particularly aimed at countries like Nepal? Because Nepal will not get special attention after that, as it is getting now as a member of the LDCs. We must be able on our own, at least for that time period until another mechanism is formulated to facilitate ‘graduated yet vulnerable to climate change’ countries. And we should start raising this issue in the climate negotiations now if such mechanism is necessary for us.

Also, Nepal states in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) paper to the Paris Agreement that it needs bilateral and multilateral support in eleven priority areas to meet the targets it has mentioned, the first being formulation and implementation of National Adaptation Plans (NAP) and implementation of already formulated NAPA. Will it be able to fulfil its NDC when the financial supports it is getting now are also cut?

Safa Hawa – An added segregation

In Nature Khabar online. This link – http://naturekhabar.com/en/archives/9601

April 27, 2018

A mobile application ‘safa hawa’ was launched in Kathmandu some days ago. The app is said to provide hourly updates of the pollution level from two air quality monitoring stations currently. And the app is said to be available for both android and ios platforms.

Forget about an Iphone, I don’t even have an android phone. So, my question is, don’t I have the right to breathe ‘safa hawa’? What about them who don’t even have a mobile phone? Don’t they have the right to breathe ‘safa hawa’? If I were to make a very, very bad comment on the question, it would be – “Why are you breathing till date if you cannot even buy an android phone?”

I have no acrimony towards the developers or launchers. My only concern is – why are only a particular group of people focused? And why are we thinking of running away and avoiding pollution rather than trying to resolve the root of the problem? If the policy makers really want to push for policy changes, they don’t need a mobile app to collect pollution information; they can simply get the data from the monitoring stations itself.

We already removed a lot of pollutant particles from the atmosphere by inhaling and depositing it in our lungs but such pollutants never seem to have decreased there in the atmosphere. Same as the Bagmati cleanup program!

Let’s return back to ‘safa hawa’. For e.g., I have to go to Thamel. But my ‘safa hawa’ app shows that the level of pollution is very high there. How can I avoid going there when I have to go there at any cost? Maybe you can say that I could go there with some safety measures. Is there any place in this capital city where people could go without sufficient safety measures against air pollution?

Why is this discrimination even in the air we breathe? If you can afford to install air purifiers at your home, you can breathe safe; otherwise you have to breathe toxic air. If you can afford to buy effective, surgical masks every day, you can inhale hygienic air; otherwise you have to breathe toxic air. And now, if you can afford to buy an android phone, you can avoid the pollution; otherwise you have to breathe toxic air. This is when being poor really hurts.

Another thing I fear now-a-days is – one day people might start selling the portable oxygen bottles, which we have not seen till date only because somebody has not discovered it yet, and that will be a new business in this city. Like the water bottle business, as is going on in the second richest country in the world in terms of water resources.